Did you know that over a quarter of the worlds population is myopic? Myopia is simply a condition where the object being viewed front of the retina, thus creating a blurred image on the retina.
    Consider the eye like a camera. If an object is, for example, ten feet away, and the camera is focused for one foot, the image will reach a focusing point in front of the film. The picture will turn out blurry, out of focus, just as it does in the nearsighted eye. Myopia commonly begins in the grade school and teen years, often with rapid progression into the twenties.  Gradual increases in the spectacle prescription are common in nearsighted individuals, although larger fluctuations are possible due to conditions like cataracts or diabetes.  These conditions would cause the prescription changes and fluctuations in vision to be larger. Higher amounts of myopia tend to be  hereditary. If there is a moderate or highly nearsighted parent, the odds for one of the children to be myopic are higher.
Back to list

With this condition, the image is not coming into focus on the retina, but  "behind" the retina. Therefore, when the image reaches the retina, it is still in a blurry form.     How far behind the retina the image would come into focus  depends on the amount of farsightedness one has. What causes the eye to be hyperopic or farsighted? If the cornea is too flat and therefore not strong enough, or if the eye has a shorter than average axial length, the image is  going to come into focus "behind" the retina. Using the camera analogy: The optical system of the camera, our eye, is failing to make the picture come into focus on the film, our retina. Unlike myopia, an eye with this refractive condition  usually is stable before the age of twenty. 

Back to list


A condition in which the lens of your eye loses flexibility making it difficult to focus on close objects.  It is natural to lose enough flexibility by the mid 40's to become noticeable to the individual..

Back to list

Astigmatism means that the front of the eye, the cornea,  is not symmetrical or spherical. A cornea without astigmatism is shaped like a basketball. A cornea with astigmatism is shaped more like a football, with two different curvatures, one steeper than the other. 
The flatter curve is weaker and therefore doesn't focus the image as much as the steeper, more powerful curve. The result is an eye with two different points of focus, giving you blurry vision. The image may not only be blurred, but may be seen as a doubled or distorted image.
Back to list

Anatomy of the Eye
The retina is the part of the eye that receives light and interprets shape and form, then sends the signal to the brain. 

Vitreous Humor is the jelly like fluid that fills the eye.

The  lens of your eye works much like the lens of a camera or magnifying glass. It focuses light onto the retina


The cornea is the thin clear layer on the outer most part of the eye that provides protection from outside forces.

The pupil is the small opening in the eye that light passes through to eventually reach the retina.

The iris works just like that of a camera expanding and constricting to allow more or less light to reach the retina.

The anterior chamber is the area between the iris and the cornea filled with a clear aqueous fluid.

Back to list

(Cross Eyed)

This condition is a misalignment of the eyes. One or both eyes may turn in, up, out, or down.  Treatment may include prismatic glasses, contacts, visual therapy, and in some cases surgery.

Back to list

(Lazy Eye)

Reduced visual acuity in an eye that can not be fully corrected with lenses.  Amblyopia is typically detected during childhood, and is generally  treated by a pediatric vision specialist.

Back to list

Color Blindness

Color blindness is actually a misnomer. The term "color deficiency" is more appropriate.  Color deficiency is the inability to distinguish various color groupings.  About 1 in 8 men is color deficient as opposed to 1 in 200 women.

Back to list


Conjunctivitis is a general term for any inflamation of the front of the eye.  Commonly known as "pink eye", this condition should be evaluated by our office for treatment.

Back to list


A condition caused by the increase of aqueous fluid in the eye resulting in increased intraocular pressure that causes damage to the optic nerve.  Symptoms may include tunnel vision, pain, blurred vision, halos around lights... or no signs at all.  Glaucoma occurs most commonly in people over 40 and may result in blindness
if not diagnosed and treated early in the course of the disease.

Back to list

Macular Degeneration

Changes to an area of the retina called the macula at the back of the eye resulting in a gradual loss of central vision.  Objects appear distorted, color vision weakens, and a dark area appears at the center.

Back to list

Retinal Detachment

The separation of the retina from the pigment caused by holes or tears in the retina, by a tumor, or by fluid pressure in the area.  It can be surgically treated.  Aside from a sudden loss of vision, warning signs might include light flashes or unusual spots or floaters.

Back to list

Vitreous Floaters

Small particles of protein or other matter of various size and shape that float within the eye.  They appear to dart away when you try and focus on them.  Most spots are not harmful and rarely inhibit vision.  However, spots may be indicative of more serious problems.  You should consult your optometrist if you notice them often, or a sudden increase.

Back to list


A cataract is a clouding that develops in the normally clear lens of the eye. this prevents the lens from properly focusing light on the retina. Cataracts usually develop in both eyes, but often at different rates. Some some cataracts develop over a period of years, while others form rapidly in a few months.

Back to list

Diabetic Retinopathy
A condition in which small changes in the small blood vessel in the retina causing vision blurriness and distortion associated with diabetes.

 Back to list